Woodstock & Thornton Gore Railroad – White Mountains, New Hampshire
Woodstock & Thornton Gore Railroad – Incorporated in March 1909, this short-lived logging railroad was operated by the Woodstock Lumber Company, a subsidy of the Parker-Young Company. It began at the Woodstock Lumber Company’s sawmill (built by the Publishers Paper Company) on the western bank of the Pemigewasset River in Woodstock, New Hampshire. From the mill, it traveled roughly 7 miles into the Eastman Brook drainage, traveling through the northern portion of Thornton*, known as the “Gore”, ending in Livermore.
For a couple of years before the railroad was built, horse teams were used to drag logs out of the forest to the Woodstock sawmill. But once the Woodstock & Thornton Gore Railroad was established, the Iron Horse took over the duties. Some of Tripoli Road and Little East Pond Trail utilize the old railroad bed. Three Shay geared locomotives, all 50-tonners, were used on the railroad, and the track equipment was leased from the Boston & Maine Railroad.
Axe Head – Livermore, New Hampshire
Identifying Historical Artifacts, White Mountains – If you are picking up trash in the New Hampshire White Mountains during the 2020 human impact issue, please educate yourself about historical artifacts and the laws that protect them. I now know of two instances where do-gooders picking up trash removed artifacts, thinking they were trash, from the White Mountain National Forest.
Many of the metal objects (horseshoes, metal strapping, railroad spikes, stoves, tins, etc.), glass bottles, trestle remains, and numerous other objects along the White Mountains trail system are protected artifacts. These artifacts should be left where you found them; they help tell the story of the early settlers, farming communities, and logging railroads that once were in the White Mountains. The included photos show some of the various artifacts you could come across while out hiking.
Ghost Town of Livermore – White Mountains, New Hampshire
Five Historic Sites To Visit, White Mountains – Many historic sites in the New Hampshire White Mountains are well known among locals and tourists while others remain forgotten deep in the forest and probably will never be rediscovered. The known sites can help create awareness for historic preservation.
Today I want to share with you a few of the historic sites that are worth visiting in the White Mountains region. I have spent many days exploring and photographing the historic sites included in this blog article. Each site is unique and helps tell the fascinating story of the White Mountains.
Sawmill – Livermore, New Hampshire
Village of Livermore, New Hampshire – Incorporated by the state of New Hampshire in 1876, Livermore was a logging town in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The village of Livermore was located along the Sawyer River Railroad, on the Sawyer River, in the White Mountains. Both the railroad and town were owned by the Saunders family. At its peak, the population of Livermore was around 150-200 people, but as time progressed more and more people left the town. The town of Livermore was officially dissolved in 1951.
The history of Livermore has been well documented over the years. So instead of repeating what can be easily found on the internet, I will take you on a photo tour of one of the more interesting ghost towns in the New Hampshire White Mountains.
Upper Greeley Pond – Greeley Ponds Scenic Area, New Hampshire
Greeley Ponds Scenic Area, Livermore – Located in Livermore, New Hampshire in between Mount Kancamagus and the East Peak of Mount Osceola is the Greeley Ponds Scenic Area. Designated a scenic area in 1964, this 810-acre parcel of land in the White Mountains contains mature hardwood forest and two scenic mountain ponds.
The two mountain ponds offer interesting photographic opportunities. And early in the morning a nice reflection of the Osceola Mountain range can be seen in the upper pond (above and below). And the forest surrounding the ponds consists of an interesting mix of hardwoods and softwoods.
Sawyer River from Fourth Iron Bridge
Sawyer River Railroad, New Hampshire – In 1875, the State Legislature approved an act to Incorporate the Sawyer River Railroad. Operated by the Daniel Saunders Family, the Sawyer River Railroad was a ten-mile long logging railroad in the New Hampshire White Mountains town of Livermore. It was in operation from 1877-1928 and was one of the last logging railroads to operate in New Hampshire.
The railroad began along the Portland & Ogdensburg Railroad (leased to the Maine Central Railroad in 1888) at Sawyer River Station, near Forth Iron Bridge, in Hart's Location. And it traveled up into the Sawyer River valley and into the upper end of the Swift River drainage in Livermore.